What is Kidney Dialysis, When is a Transplant necessary?

Kidney Dialysis is a procedure undertaken when one’s kidneys are unable to take care of the body’s need. This procedure has become very common in the medical world of today. This process helps the body by substituting for the functions of the normal kidneys. Kidney regulates the body’s fluid balance by adjusting the amount of urine excreted by the body. When the kidneys fail to perform these activities, dialysis is undertaken to avoid the build-up of waste products in the body. During the Kidney Dialysis Treatment, extra water, salt, and waste are removed from the body along with a moderate measure of chemicals which include the likes of bicarbonate, sodium, and potassium, which help in maintaining blood pressure.

Knowing the Types of Dialysis in Detail

There are 2 dialysis types: hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. Hemodialysis is a treatment where an artificial kidney is used to perform the functions of a kidney. An entrance is made into the blood vessels of the patient’s body by a minor surgery in the arm or leg to get the blood into the artificial kidney. This access is usually temporary, but can sometimes be used for long-term treatments as well. Usually, each hemodialysis treatment session lasts for 4 hours and can be done as frequently as thrice a week, depending on the severity of the condition of the patient.

Another dialysis type is known as the peritoneal dialysis, wherein the blood of the patient is cleaned internally i.e. inside the body. A Catheter, a narrow plastic tube, is surgically placed inside the abdomen and the abdominal area is filled with dialysate moving via the catheter. The waste and fluid of the blood that stays in the peritoneal cavity are drawn out into the dialysate. There are 2 primary types of peritoneal dialysis, i.e.

  • CAPD (Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis) — this can be done manually without any machines and the process lasts for several hours and is done about 4 to 5 times a day.
  • APD (Automated Peritoneal Dialysis) — this can be successfully executed at home using a machine called cycler, where each cycle lasts for 60-90 minutes and is done throughout the night.

If the process of dialysis does not work for the recipient, there are state of the art medical facilities in the country for a kidney transplant. The kidney transplant cost in India is reasonable and is one of the best medicare options across the world.

Worst Case Scenario – What to Do?

For an end-stage kidney failure treatment or kidney transplant is recommended. In this process, both the failed kidneys are replaced with one donated kidney. A kidney transplant can be segregated into deceased donor transplant or living donor transplant depending on the donor organ source. The living transplant type is further classified as genetic or non-related depending on the presence or absence of a biological relationship between the patient and the donor. Kidney transplant patients must have proper heart-lung functions and no other terminal diseases. A full body check-up is recommended here so that no complications arise later on. You can refer to websites like PSTakeCare to discover surgery packages that will be cost-effective and beneficial to you.